Welcome to my Recycling Universe website

The matter at absolute zero temperature stage is far before it gets into molecule stage, and before atoms and any known subatomic particles have evolved. Because the temperature of the matter is the result of physical action or chemical reaction, therefore, the space temperature is coupled with massbits conversion into electrons. Thus, the true absolute zero temperature (t0K) is an environment of massbits in plasma like substance, from which the space vacuum is made of.

My name is Jaakko Kurhi, a Karelian born Finn. Professionally, I am an optical instrument designer and builder. My hobby is to tangle with interesting and meaningful subjects, especially; topics where mechanics are a major factor in the systems operation. Simplification is my motto. The following hypothesis about how to make a complex atomic structure and a universe system into a workable entity, but in the simplest possible manner of construction and performance. Within this an abstract of the recycling universe, the construction of a workable atom is based on an idea in which nature operates with available tangible substance that goes into the makeup of physical objects.

 The abstract of the recycling universe.

Ever since people developed ways to express their thoughts, the mystery of the Heavens has been a subject to talk about. Now, perhaps three million years later, modern-day people are using advanced observing equipment, still the same view of the sky remains an unsolved enigma. From fragments of subatomic particles to far away galaxies, itís the observed light, which all knowledge of visual matter has to be extracted from, and because having a telescope and a beam of oncoming light are the only realistic tools to work with, still doesnít seem to explain working mechanics within the realm of universal matter. So, if photons and quantum mechanics donít deliver what we are looking for, the answers should be found elsewhere in a simplified manner. Obviously, I am talking about numerous alternate versions written against popular B.B. model, and all for the same reason, the working mechanics of the B.B. model are not convincingly explained, creating follow-up questions to which there are no mechanically workable answers. Now that the Higgs boson may have been disclosed, I use its size to compare what is the smallest, next-to-nothing particle that may exist and can be made into a viable object to build on. Itís difficult, or should I say, itís impossible to accept an idea where something began from nothing. However, in order to begin to build an atom from next-to-nothing objects, I find it a lot easier to work with. Hence, I name this phenomenal next-to-nothing particle as a "massbit", because it may be million times smaller than the Higgs boson. Furthermore, this massbit works well to begin the construction of an atomic nucleus, even if it doesnít posses an intrinsic property of gravity.

This essay is about the universe that is created by nature. The way before the clock started ticking, and has no logical time frame to follow as its constant grow into ever large volume and size. However, the universe doesnít need to be timeless and without borders. The universe may have been a small growing entity, but not for same reasons the BB. Model explains. So, the nature began building the universe by its own merit, using basic available substance that makes varieties of functional atomic systems in the universe. Mass and its intrinsic pull force, electrons and the available strong nuclear force, all these four notable items are theoretically confirmed to exist within an atom. Hence, they must be included and their source identified, in any models concerning how the universe works. In fact, the nature has to be able to include these items into its creation of an atom. However, uncertainty that hangs around: what are sources for all above-mentioned items, and with which one the nature has to start building its atomic system, that is an unsolved phenomenon in the BB Model?. That said, there is some creative engineering to be done, and to begin with, is the most common item in an atomic structure. Mass is the one to start with; mass is associated with matter as a main component, followed by electrons, in fact, the atomic nucleus is 99.97% makeup of mass, and the rest of atomic mass makeup are electrons. So, missing sources for this evolving atom is the gravity and the strong nuclear force. Because, neither of these items have weight and doesnít occupy space. These features have to be obtained from the mass assembly within the nucleus, or must be created mass before mass is assembled as an atomic mass. Because, the mass is abundant primeval substance, from which all matter in the universe is made of, but its source is still an unexplained phenomenon. Letís speculate what mass may be and what makes it a pre-existing functional mass before using to construct an atomic system.. A smallest identified subatomic particle Higgs boson is said to have mass, confirming the fact that mass is everywhere, but that doesnít confirm, is it a smallest next-to-nothing particle to exist, in the space vacuum. So, for example, if the Higgs boson is divided into million perhaps zillion particles, that make it literally, like the next-to-nothing space dust, but is still something for nature to work with. Therefore, letís allow the nature to make a fully functional atomic nucleus from the massbits substance.

So, next task in order is to convert massbits to behave as the originator of the matter, and thatís where electricity comes to play. Electrons are confirmed to exist in the realm of matter and are said to act as vital components within the atomic system. Therefore, combining electricity with massbits equals "electron-massbit" or a "electron" (e). Rotation, spin, attraction, interaction force, vibration, quantum fluctuation; hence, any short of motion related function seems to be inherent to all forms of mass and subatomic particles. So itís safe to say; mass and motion are related, where is mass there is some short of motion activity. Hence, the concentration of massbit particles in frictional motion generates electricity. Therefore, itís feasible for massbits to get energized and converted into electron-massbit particles (electrons). Furthermore, electricity to exist as a charged particle, require mass for the storage of the electric energy. Therefore, charged, electrons are potential objects for interaction force, and can exist and be equal to mass having an intrinsic force of gravity, thus explains the phenomenon of gravity. There is more to this simplified nucleus assembly. Now that all necessary components that make an atom, are within the nucleus. Atomic mass, electrons, gravity and the strong nuclear force, these items live ap to all functions that are obtainable from the current atomic model. Moreover, because electron-massbits assembled nuclei, can have a variable number of electrons, hence molecules for all natural elements are available from this natureís made nucleus system.

The ball like image shown above represents an atomic nucleus assembled by nature in the simplest workable manner. This graphic image is a crude illustration of how a nucleus is assembled, although, in reality, the object would look having a smooth surface structure, because itís assembled from incredibly small electrons. Nevertheless, the next nuclear problem is, how to extract the strong nuclear force from the bundle of electron constructed nucleus. Because, there is no obvious nor a logical source for existing high energy. The answer must be found from electrons within the nucleus. Although the nuclear mass alone doesnít qualify for high- energy source, the combined electrons can provide stronger nuclear bonding, comparable to energy required to ripping apart the nucleus of an atom into its component parts. Why itís possible? Because, the nucleus is constructed from electrons; hence, there is a weak force of gravity present from each electron particle, but also, there is the force of interactivity within the nuclear bundle, when these forces are multiplied by millions (this is an arbitrary number) of electrons. They all collectively generate formidable attraction force. Therefore, two bonding forces in the bundle of electrons can be a challenging object to extract the nuclear energy from, and because the electrons packed nucleus is a solid object, having no distance in between electrons. So, Newtonís G=m1m2, has no applicable distance (r) factor to include into equation. There is always uncertainty factor to consider, although I have demonstrated enough probabilities where the nuclear energy is obtainable from within the mass of the nucleus. So, it all boils down to primeval massbits and the motion activity to create an active electron from which, the nature can construct a simple atomic nucleus, that is equal to all functions of the current nuclear system.

A simple idea where all matter may originate from the environment where thermal activity doesnít exist, this concept doesnít agree very well with the space science, because of the laws of thermodynamics and mass and energy equivalences are violated. These topics are often sited as limiting barriers for the matter to reach the state of the absolute zero temperature, and exist in this state as active components without generating heat. Even so, besides the observable sector of the visible universe, there's another side to the cosmos that cannot be observed, and maybe never will be. This invisible environment is a stage where primeval matter is assembled into action hence bringing the viable universal matter into existence. All this is happening because of the matter cooling into what I'll call the state of "True Absolute Zero Temperature" (t0K). It appears to be a natural process for any form of matter in the hot state to radiate heat and cool down; that is, unless cooling process is temporally intervened by radiated heat from the nearby hotter object. All the same, the trend is towards cooling and applies to all existing matter having thermal activity. Moreover, there are plenty of obvious indicators that the matter is in its natural cooling process, including particles in the subatomic level, regardless of man made opposing restrictions. Especially, this cooling process is true in the subatomic particle level when applied into the substance, made of massbits.

The big-bang that creates a galaxy instead of the universe.
Suppose that at the end of the cooling process, an atomic structure is dissolved into a minimum state, and exists as massbits without thermal activity, yet, when energized into electron-massbits state, they will possess the property of gravity. Therefore, has the means to assemble a dense small object like an atomic nucleus, or a large and heavy moving object of constantly accumulating electron-massbits into larger objects. Hence, these massive invisible objects can be the source for an event where a matter is created for a single galaxy system. So, granted that the space vacuum is made of massbits and due to intrinsic motion of all mass particles, these massbits can clump into denser plasma like substance. In this state, due to motion activity, massbits gets energized and converted into electron-massbits (electrons), thus having property of gravitational force and potential energy of motion. This invisible environment is a stage at which the primeval massbits exist as neutral particles, having no energy charge, hence no functionality, until grouped as the plasma like motion-related substance, where massbits get energized and convert into electron-massbits. It thus becomes gravitationally interactive objects. On the other hand, because the massbits are inert and neutral objects, the converted electron-massbits (electrons) have no interaction with the massbit substance, and can exist in the same environment in the space vacuum. So, the nature has a source to begin accumulating elementary particle matter to construct atoms and all galactic matter.

Because due to the force of gravity, these electrons are capable of clumping action, which is necessary in order to build atoms and a massive galaxy system. Therefore, itís possible to have an environment where the force of gravity applies unevenly causing invisible accumulated objects to travel in random directions. Guided by the strongest applicable pull force, these massive moving objects have a tremendous potential energy of motion. Should they collide, such inevitable crashes would result in an outburst of extremely hot and fast-moving mass. Such a collision would initiate action where the electrons evolve into atomic nucleus systems, hence the matter for a developing galaxy is created. This action can repeat countless times in the realm of the space vacuum. In an environment of t0K, accumulated, invisible objects can move in random directions with various angles of attack. Hence, they are subject to collide with other compacted massive objects, from any impact angle, and create various forms and densities for distribution of electron matter. This action may explain the chaotic orientation and formation of different shapes of observed galaxies. For example, in order to create an elliptical or spherical distribution of matter, the impact action requires a frontal-on collision of two speeding objects. The more complicated variety of spiral galaxies can be the result of two rapidly moving and most likely spinning objects, colliding in various degrees off from the frontal-on impact. This action explains the random distribution of matter, galactic rotation and various shapes and number of galactic arms.

Now that the matter for a galactic system has evolved, and is in fast global expanding motion. The next operation for nature is to slow down this fast expanding electron matter, before the clumping and accumulation can occur. Because, the expanding matter is the result of two colliding objects, the expanding course is global and somewhat orderly and explosively driven particle matter. To slow down or stop this action, the only tool available is the pull force of gravity. Because the explosive action can happen only, if the mass is present, and because colliding object was built of accumulated electron-massbits (electrons), hence, the fast expanding particle matter is make up of scattered electrons, yet, having property of gravity. This explosively driven event follows a proven mechanical process. A void followed by highest concentration of expanding matter and gradually thinning towards the boundary of the expanding globe. Therefore, in order to slow down this fast expanding mass of electrons, the balancing pull force of gravity has to apply from the slower moving and close to center reason of the globe, where the electron matter is left behind in highest concentration. So, eventually the initial explosively expanding and rotating matter is slowed down until the pull force and the speeds of expanding forces are near equilibrium. In this slow-moving state clumping and accumulation of electrons will occur naturally. Hence, electrons accumulate into various size nuclei and nuclei accumulate into a combination of molecules. Hence, matter for billions of stars are evolved within this developing galaxy system. Similar manner, galaxies are born countless times within of massbits realm in the space vacuum.

Some facts of which are very difficult to work with the BB. model.
This recycling universe explain all current universal observations.
It explains why itís possible to see images of the Hubble deep field that look the same regardless of which direction the deep field sky is observed.
It explains the expansion and inflating progress, beginning from a single small object.
It explains when an accumulation of matter can occur in the fast-moving environment.
It explains why the matter cools into t0K.
It suggests the source for the matter and gravity, and to my surprise, it proposes a new version for the atomic nucleus.
This recycling concept works in every aspect within the observed sky, and is a feasible model for further development as a viable universe.

Jaakko Kurhi